Humans are increasingly considered more than simply “part of the ecosystem” by natural scientists and natural resource managers. However, the integration of economic and social sciences into Integrated Ecosystem Assessments (IEAs) is advancing at different rates worldwide. Over the past several years, The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has made impressive strides toward the inclusion of economic and social science information into IEAs. Yet there are still a number of areas in which economic and social science information would be beneficial to improve stakeholder engagement, define ecosystem goals and objectives, develop indicators of ecosystem status, understand socio-ecological system processes, understand risk and uncertainty, and to evaluate the tradeoffs across different management strategies. This presentation will describe NOAA’s framework for conducting IEAs, provide examples of social science research that have been incorporated into each step of NOAA’s IEA loop throughout the U.S., and describe how economic and other social sciences can be more comprehensively integrated throughout the entire IEA process.