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  • Due to establishment of five international organizations for tuna fisheries, tuna fishing in high seas are consequentially transformed from a time of free competition to a time of cooperative competition on the platforms created by those international organizations. The paper explores the openness, procedures of decision-making, allocation of fishing quotas or fishing capacity limitation, and contributions to the budget of five organizations for tuna fisheries. It is concluded: (1) that the rules concerning utilization and conversation of tuna stocks elaborated fundamentally by the developed fishing states are not entirely consistent with the principles of international customary law, of 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, and of international environmental law, (2) that each organization is open, but openness of ICCAT and IOTC is much higher than that of CCSBT, IATTC, and WCPFC, (3) that relatively high contributions for organizational membership, quota allocation or fishing capacity limitation correlated unduely to historical catch and so-called contributions to scientific research, and financial contribution schemes correlated low proportionally to annual average catch in a short-term, etc are prejudices to the fishing interests enjoyed by developing distant fishing nations, coastal states and archipelagic states, and (3)the principle of “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities” should be followed in amending and developing the relevant Conventions and conservation measures.
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