The recent expansion of the longline commercial fishery has heightened the conflicts among various fisheries in
Hawaii, especially between longliners and non-longline commercial (troll and handline) and recreational fishing boats. The
recent court ruling against longline fishing on some waters around Hawaiian islands may provide an impetus for the
expansion of the non-longline commercial activities, which in turn may give rise to conflicts between non-longline
commercial and recreational fisheries. This study examines the economic impacts of the allocation of catch from one nonlongline
commercial fishing trip to recreational fishing using the 1992 input-output model of the state of Hawaii. The results
show that the total impact on value added per unit of fish landed is greater for recreational fishing than commercial fishing,
while total impacts on income and employment are greater for commercial fishing. When forward-linked trade and
distribution services of final demands are also included, total value added, income, and employment impacts are all higher for
commercial fishing and hence net impacts of allocation of the commercial fishery to the recreational/expense fishery are all
negative. Furthermore, when the effects of an equivalent decrease in personal consumption expenditures (PCE) of other
sectors due to an increase in expenditures in recreational fishing are also included, total losses on value added, income, and
employment become more significant. However, relative to direct impacts indirect impacts on value added, income and
employment are higher for recreational fishing than for commercial fishing such that the corresponding net indirect effects
are positive in all cases.
Sharma, K.R. and P. Leung. Economic Impacts of Catch Allocation from Commercial Fishery to Recreational Fishery in Hawaii. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.