Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.
Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.
The complexity of the ocean ecosystem, including the human component, is such that a single fishery may require multiple policy instruments to achieve goals related to fisheries management and biodiversity conservation. The need for retrospective analysis and evaluation grows and the key is to link policy instrument objectives to realized outcomes. However, there may be several appropriate measures of achievement such as biological, economic, social normative and sustainability factors to name a few. The Northeast United States (NE US) sink gillnet groundfish fishery provides a case study of the complexity of regulations and policy instruments implemented under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and the Endangered Species Act to address bycatch of marine mammals, while the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) provides the authority to manage commercially fished species in US waters. We highlight a few ex-ante and ex-post analyses to see how we can learn from the past.