The landing obligation in Europe has been in place since January 1st 2015. Experiences gained so far point out that a number of institutional initiatives have been launched, but in practice little has changed regarding discard reduction and use of discards ashore. In parallel, the wide-ranging EU research project H2020 DiscardLess has been conducting analyses on several aspects of the discard issue, from ecosystem modelling to social and economic impact assessment, from technical and tactical discard avoidance to innovation needs for bringing everything ashore, from stakeholders’ perceptions to governance changes, from incentives to control. Our results suggest that while the short-term economic impact on fisheries is real, there are benefits in the medium- and long-term to reduce discards, and the ecosystem effects of this are limited. There are many ways by which discards can be reduced without jeopardising the fisheries’ economic profitability. On behalf of the project and all its participants, I will present the most up-to-date status of where we stand and what we know and on challenges and solutions for reducing discards in European fisheries.