Aquaculture in Urban and Peri-urban Areas: Implication for Food Security and Environment Consideration Public Deposited

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  • Change in climate, harvest stagnation in wild fisheries and overexploitation of popular fish species, combined with a growing demand for high quality protein and a need to sustain livelihood and improve food security has compelled aquaculturists to domesticate more fish species in environments which is not rural as the case used to be. The dwindling resources from the artisanal sector which provide employment for about 5.8% of the populaces and also supply more than 81.9% of the total domestic fish production is augmented by aquaculture which is the fastest growing production system in the world. Rural-Urban migration which is rapidly increasing has increased the pressure on the urban facilities. Expanding cities affect the areas surrounding the city by altering the natural resource base, converting land to new uses, changing labour patterns, challenging the environment, concentrating urban waste pollution and diminishing natural resource based livelihoods. The paper therefore looks at aquaculture in the urban and peri- urban for food security and its environmental implication. A random sampling technique was used to select 150 respondents from urban and peri- urban communities in Lagos state using structured questionnaire. Data collected include socioeconomic characteristics, production, sales and climatic data The effect of change in climate with a high percentage of people moving from the rural areas to the urban cities increasing congestion, unemployment, urban poverty and subsequently increasing food insecurity should be looked into. There is therefore the need for the Government to look into land use planning and land allocation to cope with rapid development and expansion.
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  • Siyanbola, O. and J. Adebayo. Aquaculture in Urban and Peri-urban Areas: Implication for Food Security and Environment Consideration. In: Visible Possibilities: The Economics of Sustainable Fisheries, Aquaculture and Seafood Trade: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 16-20, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Edited by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2012.
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