|Abstract or Summary
- The Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement (KBRA) and the Klamath Hydroelectric Settlement Agreement (KHSA) forged between Klamath River Basin stakeholder groups in California and Oregon, when successfully implemented, will lead to the largest dam removal project in history. After a decade of intense legal and social conflict among disparate interests in the river basin, this collaborative agreement between local irrigators, tribes, Federal regulators, and a large utility company represents a temporally challenging and spatially diverse social-ecological restoration initiative. Underlying the agreement is a complex set of collaborative initiatives and co-management institutions often working independently of one another to improve Basin water quality, among other goals. Theories related to the concept of adaptive governance may provide a useful framework for exploring the potential for uniting individual collaborative institutions under the vision of improved basin water quality. This paper describes the results of an institutional mapping exercise to identify and characterize existing approaches to water quality improvement and Clean Water Act implementation in the Klamath River Basin. The institutional mapping framework includes a detailed identification of collaborative activities, public stakeholders, regulatory agencies, and co-management institutions associated with efforts to improve water quality in various geographic and legal contexts. I provide a typology of governance approaches and institutions and consider the ways in which they might be integrated under the KBRA drawing on the suggested framework of adaptive governance.