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Impact of Population Stress on the Coastal Resources in Kerala, India Public Deposited

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  • The human interference and its impact on coastal zones have been recognized worldwide. Kerala, the Southern State of India with 560-km. coastline, has a population of 3,18,38,619 and the total area available is only 38238 Sq. km. About 2/3rd of the population of the Kerala state is settled in the coastal districts. Consequently coastal villages have a very high population density, ranging between 677 and 2159 persons per Sq. Km. This population pressure and accompanying changing land use patterns have resulted in accelerated destruction of the coastal resources in this region and increased multi-user conflicts. Over exploitation of the inshore fishery resources have drastically affected the stock of various fish and prawn species. Destruction of the Mangrove forest for various anthropological activities has also affected the biodiversity of the region. The paper analyses the various interacting activities, which have a long lasting effect on the coastal environment and its sustainability. Coastal Zone in Kerala is overexploited beyond its carrying capacity. The introduction of the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification in 1991 and its strict enforcement with a Supreme Court verdict in 1994 has helped to reduce the pace of destruction in the restricted zones. It has led to more conscious planning and generated more awareness to protect natural resources. It also led to a drastic change in the property rights regime in the coastal zone, which has caused social unrest and economic slowdown.
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  • Alappat, Ramachandran and Bert Enserink. 2010. Impact of Population Stress on the Coastal Resources in Kerala, India. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 13-16, 2010, Montpellier, France: Economics of Fish Resources and Aquatic Ecosystems: Balancing Uses, Balancing Costs. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2010.
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  • US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Division, Agence Française de Développement, Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche, Ministère de L’Alimentation de L’Agriculture et de la Pêche, Ministère de l’Énergie, du Développement Durable et de la Mer, La Région Languedoc Rouslilon, Département Hérault, Montpellier Agglomèration, The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada, and AquaFish Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP).
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