Economic Efficiency or Political Capture: the US Experience Allocating Fish Between Sectors Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/mp48sf86r

Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.

Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.

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  • In every US fishery where value has been examined, recreational value far exceeds commercial value in aggregate and at the margin. For these same fisheries, recreational economic activity almost always exceeds commercial economic activity even when the entire commercial supply chain to the consumer is included. However, even with extensive studies showing the higher value for the recreational sector and a legislative mandate to include economic value in allocation discussions, no stock has been re-allocated based on economic value arguments. Some fishery management councils will change allocations automatically based on improved data accuracy, but generally, allocations were set using history years ago and rarely adjusted. However a disturbing recent trend has emerged where the commercial sector asks for uncaught recreational allocation and that quota is transferred to the commercial sector.  At the fishery management council level, all allocation battles have been won by the commercial sector. That is not to say some states haven’t realized the value and created 100% recreational fisheries. Most of the inshore species that are of recreational importance in the Southern Atlantic and Gulf Coasts are recreational only fisheries. These reallocations were not won through the Council process but through state legislatures using gear bans or sportfishing only rules. At the end of the day, allocations are not set using efficiency or other criteria, but by political capture from both sides. This talk will explore this situation in the US and discuss potential ways to increase the value of fisheries management and enhance coastal livelihoods.
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  • 0976343290

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