Apprentice programs offer a method to encourage responsible individual behavior by laying the foundation for
successful collective property rights. Apprenticeship has three purposes: to restrict the rate of entry, to affect the quality of
the participant, and to create the conditions for collective action for sustainability. Apprenticeship could be an important
fishery management tool, particularly in decentralized, adaptive management regimes that require ongoing, multi-party
negotiation for success. It is not vocational training; instead it serves a public purpose: to create the conditions for
stewardship and participation in management. This perception of collective property right mimics customary practice in some
successful traditional fisheries such as the Maine lobster fishery where customary practice has been demonstrated both to
have conservation benefits and to lower enforcement costs. Case information from Maine’s new, statutory lobster apprentice
program is discussed. Apprenticeship creates conditions for responsible behavior by creating a stable population that can
develop long term assurances about expected behavior and can develop credible internal monitoring and sanctions. In
addition to requiring a personal investment of time, it provides information about fishing ethics and non-fishing information
about basic biology, ecology, and participation in the management system. This, because it changes the frame of reference,
should affect individual behavior both fishing and as participants in management. Apprenticeship focuses on the individual
fishing as the principal actor in conservation. The apprenticeship approach bolsters both co-management and, for that matter,
conventional limited entry programs as well.
Alden, R. and J.F. Brewer. Apprenticeship and Conservation Incentives. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.