Coastal Aquaculture Development in Bangladesh: Un-sustainable and Sustainable Experiences Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/ng451j473

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  • Coastal aquaculture in Bangladesh mainly consists of two shrimp species (Penaeus monodon and Macrobrachium rosenbergii). Currently, there are about 16,237 marine shrimp (P. monodon) farms covering 148,093 ha and 36,109 fresh water shrimp (M. rosenbergii) farms covering 17,638 ha coastal area. More than 0.70 million people are employed throughout the farmed shrimp sector in Bangladesh. In 2005-2006 the foreign currency earning were 403.5 million USD through exporting the frozen shrimp. Although coastal aquaculture contributes significantly in rural employment and economy its importance is overshadowed by negative social and ecological impacts. This paper reviews the key issues, constraints and opportunities of sustainable shrimp farming. In addition we present the results of two case studies from southwestern coastal areas where the shrimp farming originated and central coastal areas where shrimp especially M. rosenbergii farming sparked in recent years. Lessons learned from the review and case studies are considered in the context of recommendations to encompass a socially equitable and ecologically sound coastal aquaculture.
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  • Azad, Abul Kalam, C. Kwei Lin and Kathe R. Jensen. 2008. Coastal Aquaculture Development in Bangladesh: Un-sustainable and Sustainable Experiences. 12 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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