In this paper, we examine the problems inherent in the export-oriented tuna industry taking the Philippines and
Indonesia as examples. Although problems are reduced to the depletion of or possible depletion of tuna resources, we intend
to clarify the industry structure that may have led to such local depletion. Though Yellowfin tuna is the main species for
investigation, we also refer to tuna as a whole and to skipjack specifically. In Chapter 1, we survey the overall tuna market.
The characteristics are the concentration of production and consumption sites. In Chapter 2, we discuss the tuna industry in
the Philippines. Small tuna and skipjack are caught by purse-seines with the combination of FADs. Tuna canning industry is
also developed. In Chapter 3, we discuss the tuna industry in Indonesia, which is well endowed with tuna and skipjack
resources. Since the canning industry is not fully developed, Indonesia takes the role of supplying the raw material to other
countries. In Chapter 4, we point out that the structure of the industry does not inherently build in sustainable resource use
mechanism. We consider who is responsible for the local depletion of resource, whether it is the producer, government, or the
Yamashita, H. Problems of Export-Oriented Yellowfin Tuna Industry -Indonesia and the Philippines. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.