A Stochastic Viability Approach for Ecosystem-Based Management of Mixed Fisheries: The Case of The Bay of Biscay Demersal Fisheries Public Deposited

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  • Marine scientists and stakeholders are increasingly advocating ecosystembased fishery management (EBFM). However, the way to operationalize such EBFM remains controversial. The viability approach can be a relevant modelling framework for EBFM as it accounts for dynamic complexities, uncertainties, risks and sustainability objectives balancing ecological, economic and social dimensions together with intergenerational equity. Mixed fisheries operating in the Bay of Biscay provide a challenging example to illustrate these issues. The present paper focuses on the case of the demersal fisheries catching nephrops, hake, sole and monkfish. A bioeconomic multi-species and multi-fleets model is developed to examine the capacity for the stochastic viability framework to assist in developing practical approaches to EBFM. The model integrates the dynamics of the harvested stocks with an uncertain recruitment and technical interactions through joint catches. It relies on data from ICES and IFREMER. A coviability analysis of the fish populations/fisheries system is performed to investigate how to simultaneously preserve the species (using Bpa precautionary referenced points) and guarantee economic incomes for the fleets. First results suggest that the viable harvesting intensities require a significant reduction in the effort of some fleets, as compared to reference year 2006.
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  • Gourguet, Sophie, Luc Doyen, Claire Macher, Olivier Guyader and Olivier Thébaud. 2010. A Stochastic Viability Approach for Ecosystem-Based Management of Mixed Fisheries: The Case of The Bay of Biscay Demersal Fisheries. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 13-16, 2010, Montpellier, France: Economics of Fish Resources and Aquatic Ecosystems: Balancing Uses, Balancing Costs. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2010.
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