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People's Participation in Coastal Resources and Environmental Management for Tourism Development in Chang Islands, Thailand Public Deposited

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  • The objectives of the study are to clarify the participation of coastal communities on coastal resources and environmental management in Chang Islands. The individual interview technique with structural questionnaire was used as the tool for data collection. The samples include fishers, aquaculturists, employees, traders, tour operators and government officials. Two hundred and two samples were interviewed for this study. The results revealed that the samples have utilized fishery resources and other natural resources for supporting their livelihoods as a main. In addition, the samples also realized that the aquatic resources including mangrove forest and wild life are depleted and tourism development is the main cause. Air and noise pollution are the other problem of this area. In addition, the following activities, i.e., garbage dumping, oil and grease disposal, overfishing, misplaced anchoring of tour boats, overexploiting of natural resources have created more impacts. The samples require transportation improvement, wasted water treatment system, garbage management and proper management on natural resources and environmental management. However, the study showed that the all samples had low level of participation in their communities. The Kruskal Wallis test indicated that participation level among the samples had a significant difference at least one pair of comparison (95% confidence level, asymp.sig. 0.005). In addition, the Spearman’s rank test showed that participation level in resources and environmental management activities had low relationship to the opinion on environmental and resources utilization impact problems (95% confidence level, r=0.147 and 0.185). However, they preferred to participate in some activities when they have free time There were only 10-30 per cent of samples agreed with resources management measures which include type, area, time and quantity of utilization. Although it is very hard to establish a development guidelines for resources management through participation of communities but it is possible to enhance the participation awareness through young generation. Therefore, local school should be used as a center of knowledge transfer and then it can lead to sustainable resources and environmental management.
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  • Ajjimangkul, Sangtien, Sansanee Wangvoralak, Kungwan Juntarashote. 2004. People's Participation in Coastal Resources and Environmental Management for Tourism Development in Chang Islands, Thailand. Peer Review: No. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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