Socio-economic Impact of Freshwater Pond Fish Farming in Rural Bangladesh Public Deposited

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  • In Bangladesh aquaculture has developed mainly as a rural activity integrated into existing farming systems. Rural aquaculture has made significant contributions to the alleviation of poverty. Rural pond fish farming products can be treated as a commodity, which can be traded for cash or essential household items, both of which increase household economic security of the farming community. Considering the above facts, the study was conducted on rural fish seed production, marketing and fish marketing functionaries in Bangladesh. It was found that many of the hatchery farmers, aratdars and some of the nursery farmers and wholesalers had surplus income after meeting up their household needs. A general trend of increase in expenses for clothing, education, health, and housing with the increase in income was also evident. Data also reveals that all of the sample respondents’ family took fish protein more than the national average. The development of freshwater pond fish culture in rural Bangladesh has generated income and employment opportunities for the poorly resourced farmers, as it was found that hatchery based fish farming operations had provided opportunities for employment for a large number of rural people both directly or indirectly. A large number of rural people were engaged in fingerling production in nursery and hawking fish fry/fingerling to the fish farmers. In developing countries like Bangladesh, aquaculture could play an important role as a stimulant for economic activity in rural areas. Rural aquaculture has the potential to be a major income-generating component in poverty alleviation programs, such as integrated rural development program. Introducing rural pond fish farming systems can improve the economic and ecological sustainability of poorly resourced farms.
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  • Chowdhury, Masudul Hoq. 2004. Socio-economic Impact of Freshwater Pond Fish Farming in Rural Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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