Food Security Through Aquaculture Development: Lessons From Bangladesh and Malawi Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/pr76f4170

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  • Small-scale aquaculture is fundamental to the livelihoods of many of the rural poor in Asia and Africa. There is growing evidence that in many cases the poorer people have the greater dependence on aquatic resources, particularly low-value fish and non-fish aquatic resources. However, in spite of the benefits, the potential of aquaculture for rural development and food security is often overlooked by national authorities and international development agencies. The reasons include its often informal, small-scale nature and part-time activity. Limited availability of production, income and employment data exacerbate this underestimation. Taking examples from Bangladesh and Malawi, this paper examines the impact of aquaculture development on food security from the standpoint of its impact on employment, income and household consumption and nutrition. The analysis shows a positive impact of aquaculture development on employment, income and consumption. The paper concludes that it will pay-off if national policies in their medium to long-term plans are geared toward increasing the production of fish from aquaculture. Such policies will, however, need to concurrently address the food security and poverty issues more sharply than that has been done at present by increasing institutional and infrastructure support for diversification of production targeted to resource poor households.
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  • Jahan, Khondker and Emma Kambewa. 2010. Food Security Through Aquaculture Development: Lessons From Bangladesh and Malawi. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 13-16, 2010, Montpellier, France: Economics of Fish Resources and Aquatic Ecosystems: Balancing Uses, Balancing Costs. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2010.
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