Despite increasing concerns, the progress towards better management of fisheries in Mexico has been slow. The main political, social and economic forces behind over fishing in the country remain largely at place. Among the major problems are demographic pressure, open access or ill defined property rights, excessive centralization of management deci-sions, and a wide array of market and regulatory disincentives for conservation. This paper presents an overview of the cur-rent situation of fisheries management in Mexico and discuses the potential benefits and limitations of the implementation of rights based management to reverse current overexploitation trends The discussion considers likely management scenar-ios at the turn of the millennium. The paper concludes that property rights based management has an important potential to promote efficiency, profitability and increased stewardship of fishery resources, particularly if implemented at the local hu-man community level. However, effective implementation must surmount substantial constitutional, political economic and cultural barriers.
Keywords: Rights based management, developing countries.
Enriquez, R. and G. Batalla Camargo. Perspectives of Rights Based Fishery Management in Mexico. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.