Expanding New Zealand's Quota Management System Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/conference_proceedings_or_journals/rr171z590

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  • This paper explores New Zealand’s experience with introducing species into the Quota Management System (QMS). The Fisheries Amendment Act 1986 implemented the QMS based on the allocation of individual transferable quota (ITQ) to those who met the allocation criteria. At that time the Ministry of Fisheries (MFish) introduced 32 species into the QMS. The intent was to eventually manage all commercial fisheries within the QMS. However, the QMS introduction process was halted due to fisheries claims by Mäori, New Zealand’s indigenous people, based on the Treaty of Waitangi 1840. Although Treaty-based claims had not been considered during the formation of the 1986 Act, in time the QMS was used to settle several claims. When introduction resumed, various constraints were encountered, and only a few species were introduced into the QMS in 1998 and 2000. The last major impediments to the QMS introduction process were removed with the full implementation of the Fisheries Act 1996 and the development of a new registry computer system. In 2001 MFish embarked on a project to introduce a further 50 species into the QMS within three years. This paper outlines the challenges encountered in the introduction process to date and explores why the QMS remains New Zealand’s primary management system. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the broader discussion on property rights-based management of fisheries and does not necessarily express the views of MFish.
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  • Bess, Randall. 2002. Expanding New Zealand's Quota Management System. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, August 19-22, 2002, Wellington, New Zealand: Fisheries in the Global Economy. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2002. CD ROM.
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