The Challenger Scallop Enhancement Company is a fishery self-governing organisation based around Individual
Transferable Quota (ITQ) property rights. The Company has direct responsibility for managing New Zealand’s largest
scallop (Pecten novaezelandiae) fishery known as the Southern Scallop Fishery and is contracted to manage several others.
The management framework in the Southern Scallop Fishery has developed as a result of three principle innovations - a
flexible legislative environment, a non-coercive governmental approach and the development of a collective and accountable
management capacity. The high degree of self-governance and management agreement reached amongst industry
participants and between sectors that utilise the resource, as well as various independent performance measures, attest to the
success of these innovations.
Arbuckle, M. Fisheries Management under ITQs: Innovations in New Zealand's Southern Scallop Fishery. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.