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Development of the Japanese Tuna Fisheries: After the "Reduction in the Number of Fishing Vessels (GENSEN) in 1998" Public Deposited

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  • The Japanese tuna fisheries was transformed into an importing industry after the middle of the 1990s because of competition from Chinese Taipei. The Japanese distant water tuna longline fisheries carried out a "20% reduction in the number of fishing vessels (Gensen) without mutual compensation" in 1998 in order to implement the "International Plan of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity" (FAO, 1999). Since then, they have almost succeeded to make the FOC-IUU vessels, which are important advantageous factors integrated into fishing operations by Chinese Taipei. The IUU issue is coming to its final stage with the adoption of the negative and positive systems based on the statistics document scheme and establishment of OPRT. While resources management through trade was promoted considering the Japanese monopoly of the sashimi market as decisive condition, the domination of Chinese Taipei, the study rise of fresh products status and decline of frozen products and increase of farmed tuna in the toro (fatty tuna) market can be pointed out as notable features of the Japanese market. In order to overcome the long-term price inactivation by oversupply, the Federation of Japan Tuna Fisheries Co-operative Associations (Japan Tuna) seeks internationally cooperative reduction of fishing vessels of Chinese Taipei and China and domestic establishment of an "advanced nation type tuna fisheries", in particular, by conceiving a food system of the frozen sashimi tuna including even distribution and processing process.
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  • Ono, Seiichiro. 2004. Development of the Japanese Tuna Fisheries: After the "Reduction in the Number of Fishing Vessels (GENSEN) in 1998". In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 20-30, 2004, Tokyo, Japan: What are Responsible Fisheries? Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2004. CD ROM. ISBN 0-9763432-0-7
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