Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, held July 11-15, 2016 at Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Center (AECC), Aberdeen, Scotland, UK.
Suggested Bibliographic Reference: Challenging New Frontiers in the Global Seafood Sector: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 11-15, 2016. Compiled by Stefani J. Evers and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2016.
Fish plays a leading role in nutrition and food security in several African countries, but in many cases this is not reflected in national policies for food security. This study, carried out in the framework of the FAO‑SmartFish Programme of the Indian Ocean Commission funded by the EU, makes a preliminary assessment of the inclusion of fisheries and aquaculture into the food and nutrition policy frameworks of twenty countries in the East and South Africa and Indian Ocean (ESA-IO) region. The study reviews the integration of fisheries into the formulation of food security and economic and social development policies, and the inclusion of food security issues in the formulation of national fisheries policies (“integration by word”); as well as the extent to which fish and fisheries are actually integrated into the diets and economies of the ESA-IO countries (“integration by deed”). The knowledge and awareness of fishery officers was also evaluated through direct consultations. With this information it was possible to evaluate the importance and potential of fisheries to contribute to food security and to identify the countries in which enhancement of the integration of fisheries into policies is needed. Finally, a group of countries (Comoros, Djibouti, Mauritius, Malawi, Rwanda and Seychelles) in which fisheries play a significant role but are overlooked by national policies was selected to focus the work of the Programme, where activities should be (are presently being) implemented given the high potential and low inclusion in policies that these countries present.