The article examines the conditions under which community-based management or comanagement is likely to result in either (I)successful collaboration between a state agency and a local community or (ii) “capture” of a public agency by private or special interests. The article focuses on the role of state agencies in the creation and maintenance of successful comanagement regimes and discusses how state agencies can facilitate the creation of social trust while retaining independence and a concern for broader public interests The author argues that a combination of bureaucratic autonomy and an effective, independent judiciary is an important institutional component of success. The argument is illustrated with the case of a comanagement regime for salmon fisheries in the U.S. Pacific Northwest.
Singleton, S. Cooperation or Capture? The Paradox of Comanagement and Community Participation in Natural Resource Management and Environmental Policymaking. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.