Factors Influencing the Emergence of Collective Action in a Traditional Fishery of Oman: An Empirical Assessment of Three Coastal Fishing Towns in South Al-Batinah Public Deposited

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  • Factors influencing the emergence of collective action are studied using survey data from individual boat owners from Barka, Masn’a and Suwaiq. Fishermen who adopt a cooperative strategy tend to be more risk averse and have high economic dependence on the common property resources. Social identity as a fisherman also appears to predict fishermen's willingness to cooperate to manage their fishery. Resource scarcity and possession of information about the status of the resource is also influential in fishermen’s decision to cooperate. The results strongly suggest that group size does not have any significant influence on fishermen’s willingness to cooperate to manage their fishery. The study findings also indicated that while the first two sources of heterogeneity (cultural division and difference in objectives and interests) are considered as causing a strong obstruction to collective action, the same cannot be said about the difference in the distribution of income. More inequality does not necessarily lead to more efficient use of natural resources. Thus, Olson's (1965) exploitation hypothesis was ruled out.
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  • Al-Oufi, H. S. 2002. Factors Influencing the Emergence of Collective Action in a Traditional Fishery of Oman: An Empirical Assessment of Three Coastal Fishing Towns in South Al-Batinah. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, August 19-22, 2002, Wellington, New Zealand: Fisheries in the Global Economy. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2002. CD ROM.
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