Draft membership agreements for pollock fishery cooperatives pay particular attention to the allocation of quota among cooperative members. Since the impetus for cooperative organization among pollock fishing boats derives largely from the opportunity provided by transferable quotas, this emphasis is not surprising. However, a cooperative structure requires attention to other important issues as well. Below, we review the following issues, with particular attention to the lessons from agricultural marketing and bargaining cooperatives:
(a) features of a marketing/bargaining cooperative
(b) control of a marketing/bargaining cooperative
(c) functions of a bargaining cooperative in particular
(d) combinations of marketing and bargaining functions
(e) the bargaining process
(f) possible pricing structures
(g) prospects for success and ideas for the future
The terms “cooperative member,” “producer,” and “raw product supplier” will be used here interchangeably.
Buccola, S.T. Potential Roles for Marketing and Bargaining Cooperatives in the Pollock Fishery. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults: Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA. Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.