Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning in the Context of Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management: Assessing Tradeoffs between Wind Farms and Marine Fisheries in New England Public Deposited

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  • Coastal and marine spatial planning (CMSP) is a process for improving the management of ocean resources in order to promote their sustainable development. One of the most challenging spatial planning issues in New England now concerns the siting of offshore renewable energy facilities, mainly wind farms. Commercial fishermen are among the leading opponents to wind farms, arguing that their construction and operation could lead to lost fish yields and sales. We develop an approach to CMSP "decision support" comprising a regional computable general equilibrium (CGE) framework. We employ the framework to examine the interactions among the different industrial sectors of a coastal economy, where a commercial fisheries sector may be displaced in part by a renewable energy sector, and where the fisheries are affected by alternative realizations of a marine food web. Introduction of the food web into the framework allows resource managers to assess broader ecosystem-based concerns. We consider a case involving the leasing of outer Continental Shelf lands at a proposed "area of mutual interest" (AMI) located off the coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Through comparative analyses, we show how economic and distributional tradeoffs among alternative leasing policies can be evaluated by examining changes in several metrics of interest to coastal and marine resource managers, including changes in measures of economic surplus and employment.
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  • Hoagland, Porter, D. Jin, T. Dalton, J. Dwyer.2014. Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning in the Context of Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management: Assessing Tradeoffs between Wind Farms and Marine Fisheries in New England. In: Towards ecosystem based management of fisheries: what role can economics play?: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 7-11, 2014, Brisbane, Australia. Complied by Ann L. Shriver & Melissa Errend. Corvallis, OR: International Institute of Fisheries.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Melissa Errend (melissa.errend@gmail.com) on 2015-03-31T17:24:10Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Hoagland 434 IIFET 2014.pdf: 1106501 bytes, checksum: 936f637d763ee5a8d4f37a1773e71bea (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Susan Gilmont(susan.gilmont@orst.edu) on 2015-04-01T21:34:51Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Hoagland 434 IIFET 2014.pdf: 1106501 bytes, checksum: 936f637d763ee5a8d4f37a1773e71bea (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-04-01T21:34:51Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Hoagland 434 IIFET 2014.pdf: 1106501 bytes, checksum: 936f637d763ee5a8d4f37a1773e71bea (MD5) Previous issue date: 2014-07-07

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