Community-Based Fisheries Co-Management in Senegal Public Deposited

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  • In Senegal, the management of artisanal fisheries which account for approximately 90% of the total catch is an urgent task in view of the declining trend of fisheries resources. In this context, community-based fisheries co-management (CBFCM) has been attracting much attention in recent years as an artisanal fisheries management method. There are two reasons for the high expectations of CBFCM. (1) While various fisheries management methods, ranging from top-down methods to bottom-up methods, have been tried, positive results have only been achieved at those fishing villages where the community has taken the initiative. (2) When fisheries management receives the support of the administration and a research organization instead of leaving everything to the community, the willingness of fishermen to participate gains momentum. At the same time, management activities can be based on sound science. One successful example of the introduction of CBFCM is the recovery of octopus resources at Nianing and neighboring fishing villages. Here, local communities have established a closed season to protect octopuses during their spawning season and are using octopus pots for spawning to restore the resources. At the same time, such income generating activities as commercialization, chicken farming and fuel supply service are being practiced to compensate for any immediate economic loss of fisheries management. Meanwhile, the administration has enacted a prefectural ordinance and a research institute has been conducting participatory research to assist the community-led activities. The practice of CBFCM originally began in Nianing in 2004, spreading to seven fishing villages by 2007. The mean octopus catch per boat per day was as low as 20 kg from 2004 to 2006 but had increased to 40 kg in 2007, considerably boosting the income of local fishermen. Because of this, there is an increasing interest in CBFCM among Senegalese fishermen throughout the country, while the morale of those already practicing it is high. In this paper, CBFCM in Senegal is explained, followed by a review of several important points for the planning and implementation of CBFCM. A strategy to extend CBFCM throughout Senegal is also discussed.
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  • Watanuki, Naohiko. 2008. Community-Based Fisheries Co-Management in Senegal. 12 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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