The fisheries sector faces the challenge of determining effective management, in an ecosystem perspective in order to mitigate the Global Warming Potential (GWP).The main focus of the study was to analyze the resource utilization in the value chain of Maldives fish processing and the environmental performances of the steps involved. The study has attempted to calculate the carbon foot print and the water foot print during the Maldive fish processing. Rapid market chain analysis employed to collect the data. The sample composed of a case study of Kudawella fishing community of the southern coast of Sri Lanka. The estimation methods were based on the guidelines published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the preparation of Greenhouse gas inventory. The study revealed that 5kg of raw fish were required to produce 1kg of Maldives Fish. The waste produced were dumped into the sea. Energy source used for processing was combustion of firewood. The requirement per one kg of Maldives fish was 4kg of coconut husks. Thus resulting 4.4MT CO 2e per MT of Maldive Fish. The transportation of raw fish from offshores to the point of processing estimated a value of 70.484MT CO2 e/MT of Maldives Fish. The estimated water requirement of processing Maldive fish ranges from 2.5-3 litres/kg of Maldive fish. The study revealed that Diesel was one of the major contributor of Carbon-dioxide in the Maldive fish value chain and add extra points to carbon foot print. Proper Post Harvest Management practices will thereby help to mitigate the GWP.
Keywords: Carbon Foot Print, Maldives Fish, GWP