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Caught up in Catch Shares: Regulations Matter Public Deposited

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Abstract
  • Individual transferable quotas (ITQs) have been used in British Columbian fisheries management for more than 25 years. When they were implemented, few restrictions were placed on who could own or lease quota. As a result, many retiring fishermen retain quotas to lease or sell to processors and corporations rather than new entrants. Because new entrants are unable to compete with processor financing and have no mechanism to secure access to the resource, recruitment is near zero. Fishermen have become price takers, with related effects on the safety and stability of the industry. Most economic research has focused on the impacts of ITQs at a fleet wide scale. Our research dives deeper, exploring the effects on individual fishermen, particularly those in small boat fleets. Drawing on harvest, income, and socioeconomic data from the Government of Canada, interviews with fishermen, and published literature, our research demonstrates that ITQs have had a detrimental effect on many fishing enterprises, particularly new entrants. This deeper analysis of the system proves that despite producing more economically efficient fleets, there have been serious implications for BC’s remote coastal communities. Interactive data visualizations offer new perspectives on the issue, illustrating the rapid rise of consolidation in BC’s fishing fleets and the rapid loss of viable employment for many participants. By closely examining boat-level economics in tandem with on-the-ground interviews, this project humanizes the fishermen at the heart of the ITQ debate, giving voice to their perspectives, data to their circumstances, and highlighting opportunities for positive change in fisheries management.
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  • Robertson, Andrea, Tasha Sutcliffe, Brenda Reid-Kuecks, Devlin Fernandes, Jim McIsaac, Des Nobles, and Kegan Pepper-Smith. 2015. Caught up in Catch Shares: Regulations Matter. In: Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial Forum of the North American Association of Fisheries Economists, May 20-22, 2015, Ketchikan, Alaska: Economic Sustainability, Fishing Communities and Working Waterfronts. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver and Melissa Errend. North American Association of Fisheries Economists, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2015.
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  • Ketchikan, Alaska, USA
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  • Alaska Sea Grant, North Pacific Fishery Management Council, North Pacific Research Board, Northern Economics, Pollock Conservation Cooperative Research Center, Rasmuson Foundation, University of Alaska Fairbanks, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Southeast, Ketchikan
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Susan Gilmont(susan.gilmont@orst.edu) on 2015-11-04T16:32:43Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 McIsaac NAAFE 2015.pdf: 3093028 bytes, checksum: 03ca3ebb37e7fbc3aedbdd642512c366 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Melissa Errend (melissa.errend@gmail.com) on 2015-11-04T01:00:36Z No. of bitstreams: 1 McIsaac NAAFE 2015.pdf: 3093028 bytes, checksum: 03ca3ebb37e7fbc3aedbdd642512c366 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2015-11-04T16:32:43Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 McIsaac NAAFE 2015.pdf: 3093028 bytes, checksum: 03ca3ebb37e7fbc3aedbdd642512c366 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2015-05

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