The Philippines is surrounded with many fishing grounds. In spite of this, most fishermen in the area live in poverty, and their plight is getting worse, not better. Current fisheries policies for the area have failed to improve the situation but no research has been done to find out why. This report uses a bioeconomic model to simulate the effects of changes in the enforcement levels of current policies. Investments of the government on different levels of enforcement were assessed using benefit cost analysis. The report assesses the effects of enforcing current fisheries policies more stringently. The situation would be transformed into one in which large and perhaps increasing numbers of people would continue to fish, expending larger amounts of effort to comply with various gear restrictions but, in all likelihood, harvesting no fewer fish. Because the bay is already overfished, catch per unit effort and marginal productivity would decrease. Any additional fishing effort in the bay will result in a decrease in the average catch of all fishermen. Enforcement of current policies will not address the underlying problems of open access and the overfishing it leads to. One policy to deal with the problems of open access and overfishing is to set a limit on the total number of fish that can be caught and divide this quota among Lamon Bay fishermen.
Campos, Maria Rebecca. Bioeconomic Modelling of Fishery Conservation Policies in the Philippines. 2014. In: Towards ecosystem based management of fisheries: what role can economics play?: Proceedings of the Seventeenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July 7-11, 2014, Brisbane, Australia. Complied by Ann L. Shriver & Melissa Errend. Corvallis, OR: International Institute of Fisheries.
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Fisheries Research & Development Corporation, World Wildlife Fund, MG Kailis Group, AquaFish Innovation Lab, NOAA Fisheries, The European Association of Fisheries Economists, Japan International Fisheries Research Society, United Nations University, NORAD