The Effect of Reduced Supply on Fish Processing in New England Public Deposited

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  • Due to declines in stocks, restrictive management plans, and imports of whole groundfish from Canada, the supply of whole fresh Atlantic groundfish to New England processing plants (landings plus whole fresh imports) declined by 75% since its peak in 1983. These reductions in supply of Atlantic groundfish put severe pressure on New England fresh fish processors. Survival techniques, including scouring local ports, Canada, and the West Coast for whole groundfish, importing fresh fillets, exploiting niches, substituting for groundfish, focusing more on wholesaling, and closely watching the bottom line, favored Boston processors, because they have advantages in transport costs, easier access to the regional food processing market, and share in the cost economies from brokerage, packing, transport, and wholesaling activities that support processing. As the smaller firms have turned to wholesaling or simply vanished, there are fewer, and typically larger firms. Large firms are better able to draw on widely scattered geographic sources, and adapt to display auctions, now an indispensable source of domestic whole fish. The forces that are reshaping the structure of the processing industry are, therefore, real economies of scale. While the high levels of the concentration might seem to convey substantial market power to large processors, the pressure on margins that has accompanied the falling supply has effectively prevented concentration from leading to non-competitive prices and profits. Many of the changes in structure of groundfish processing due to supply shortages will probably not be affected by increases in landings, when and if stocks recover. Production of frozen fish products declined more that fresh fish production due to falling demand for frozen products.
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  • Georgianna, D. And J. Dirlam. The Effect of Reduced Supply on Fish Processing in New England. In: Microbehavior and Macroresults:Proceedings of the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute ofFisheries Economics and Trade, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.Compiled by Richard S. Johnston and Ann L. Shriver. InternationalInstitute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET), Corvallis, 2001.
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  • Johnston, Richard S.
  • Shriver, Ann L.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Janet Webster (janet.webster@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-12-04T00:39:23Z No. of bitstreams: 1 285.pdf: 84878 bytes, checksum: 06742fd321739eb206ac66e7fa3291c7 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-12-04T00:39:23Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 285.pdf: 84878 bytes, checksum: 06742fd321739eb206ac66e7fa3291c7 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2001

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