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The Institutional Transition of Operational Systems of Fishing vessels in the East Sea Region of China: Analysis of Paths, Situation and Performance Public Deposited

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  • On the basis of literatures and the data from stratified sampling of 160 fishing vessels in the East Sea Region of China, the process of institutional transition of operational systems of fishing vessels in the region, which started from 1979, their present situation and performance were analysed in this paper. The results showed: (1)The operational systems of fishing vessels have undergone many transitions from planned economy system, through dual operational system dominated by centralized operation and supplemented by decentralized operation, proportional sharing system, all-round responsibility system, to shareholding cooperative system et al. (2) The survey shows the present operational systems of fishing vessels are: 58% of them belong to shareholding cooperative system, 23% belong to individual ownership system, the rest 9%,8%,1%,1% belong to fishermen’s cooperative system, leasehold systems, company system and partnership system respectively. (3)This gradual market-oriented transition process is a process of privatization of property rights of fishing vessels. Each step resulted in improvements of micro-efficiency to some extent. Specifically, the shareholding cooperative system, which was piloted in the middle eighties of the 20th century and promoted in the large-scale in the middle nineties, well suited the economic development level of the fishing villages of that period, contributed to the breakthrough of financial limits of fishermen within relatively short period of time, made relatively clear the property rights of the fishing vessels, and promoted the rapid development of the fishery economy in this region. (4)The process also resulted in some problems that needed to be solved.
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  • Yang, Zheng-yong and Guo-qiang Sheng. 2008. The Institutional Transition of Operational Systems of Fishing vessels in the East Sea Region of China: Analysis of Paths, Situation and Performance. 11 pages. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Biennial Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, July 22-25, 2008, Nha Trang, Vietnam: Achieving a Sustainable Future: Managing Aquaculture, Fishing, Trade and Development. Compiled by Ann L. Shriver. International Institute of Fisheries Economics & Trade, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 2008.
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  • US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries Division, The Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Canada; Aquaculture CRSP and AquaFish CRSP; Minh Phu Seafood Corporation; Vietnam Datacommunication Company (VDC); Camau Frozen Seafood Processing Import Export Corporation (Camimex); Long Sinh Limited Company; Mai Linh Group and Nam Viet Corporation.
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