Evidence of nitric acid uptake in warm cirrus anvil clouds during the NASA TC4 campaign Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/0g354g74b

TC4 was sponsored by the NASA Headquarters Atmospheric Composition Focus Group which includes the Tropospheric Chemistry Program, Upper Atmospheric Research Program, and Radiation Science Program.

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  • Uptake ofHNO₃ onto cirrus ice may play an important role in tropospheric NOx cycling. Discrepancies between modeled and in situ measurements of gas‐phase HNO₃ in the troposphere suggest that redistribution and removal mechanisms by cirrus ice have been poorly constrained. Limited in situ measurements have provided somewhat differing results and are not fully compatible with theory developed from laboratory studies. We present new airborne measurements of HNO₃ in cirrus clouds from anvil outflow made during the Tropical Composition, Cloud, and Climate Coupling Experiment (TC4). Upper tropospheric (>9 km) measurements made during three flights while repeatedly traversing the same cloud region revealed depletions of gas‐phase HNO₃ in regions characterized by higher ice water content and surface area. We hypothesize that adsorption of HNO₃ onto cirrus ice surfaces could explain this. Using measurements of cirrus ice surface area density and some assumptions about background mixing ratios of gas‐phase HNO₃, we estimate molecular coverages of HNO₃ on cirrus ice surface in the tropical upper troposphere during the TC4 racetracks to be about 1 × 10¹³ molecules cm−2. This likely reflects an upper limit because potential dilution by recently convected, scavenged air is ignored. Also presented is an observation of considerably enhanced gas‐phase HNO₃ at the base of a cirrus anvil suggesting vertical redistribution of HNO₃ by sedimenting cirrus particles and subsequent particle sublimation and HNO₃ evaporation. The impact of released HNO₃, however, appears to be restricted to a very thin layer just below the cloud.
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  • Scheuer, E., J. E. Dibb, C. Twohy, D. C. Rogers, A. J. Heymsfield, and A. Bansemer (2010), Evidence of nitric acid uptake in warm cirrus anvil clouds during the NASA TC4 campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00J03, doi:10.1029/2009JD012716.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Laura Wilson(laura.wilson@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-10-13T21:46:37Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 TwohyCynthia.COAS.EvidenceNitricAcid.pdf: 430430 bytes, checksum: f35060d7a4d90ef6e2f524299e6667ef (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-09-26T19:59:42Z No. of bitstreams: 1 TwohyCynthia.COAS.EvidenceNitricAcid.pdf: 430430 bytes, checksum: f35060d7a4d90ef6e2f524299e6667ef (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-10-13T21:46:37Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 TwohyCynthia.COAS.EvidenceNitricAcid.pdf: 430430 bytes, checksum: f35060d7a4d90ef6e2f524299e6667ef (MD5) Previous issue date: 2010-06-15

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