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Senftenbergia oregonensis (Arnold) comb. nov. (Filicales): Delimiting Relationships Among Paleozoic Tedeleaceae Public Deposited

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  • Reexamination of fossilized plant material from the westernmost Pennsylvanian-age wetland flora in North America reveals that material of Pecopteris oregonensis Arnold represents a filicalean fern frond with annulate sporangia and anatomically preserved vascular tissues of the rachis. The frond, which is redescribed as Senftenbergia oregonensis (Arnold) Hillier et Rothwell comb. nov., is pinnately compound, with five orders of catadromous dissection, and it appears to have reached a length of 80 cm or more. The rachis displays an anchor-shaped xylem bundle, and dichotomizing aphlebiae are produced at the base of primary pinnae. The rachis, primary pinnae, and secondary pinnae have a dense covering of coarse trichomes. Secondary and tertiary pinnae display a length:width ratio of 2.5:1. The pecopterid pinnules measure 1.5-6 mm in length and 1.0-2.0 mm in width, with dichotomous venation, smooth-to-undulating margins, and a rounded tip. Sporangia are marginal and recurved under the abaxial pinnule surface to form two rows that are parallel to the midvein. Each sporangium has a narrow stalk, longitudinal dehiscence, and a terminal multiseriate annulus. The fern is assigned to the Tedeleaceae, and a combination of characters for distinguishing genera within the family is proposed.
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  • Senftenbergia oregonensis (Arnold) Comb. Nov. (Filicales): Delimiting Relationships among Paleozoic Tedeleaceae Kaitlin G. Hillier and Gar W. Rothwell International Journal of Plant Sciences , Vol. 173, No. 5 (June 2012), pp. 549-557 Article DOI: 10.1086/665265
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  • This study was supported in part by the National Science Foundation (grant EF-0629819).
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-07-30T22:46:48Z No. of bitstreams: 1 RothwellGarWBotanyPlantPathologySenftenbergiaOregonensisArnold.pdf: 1689028 bytes, checksum: e0441c0bbe377dd16176074802797ecc (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-07-30T22:49:54Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 RothwellGarWBotanyPlantPathologySenftenbergiaOregonensisArnold.pdf: 1689028 bytes, checksum: e0441c0bbe377dd16176074802797ecc (MD5)
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