Morning-to-Afternoon Evolution of Marine Stratus Polluted by Underlying Ships: Implications for the Relative Lifetimes of Polluted and Unpolluted Clouds Public Deposited

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  • Ship tracks appearing in both the morning and afternoon Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) imagery for the Pacific Ocean off the west coast of the United States were used to study the morning-to-afternoon evolution of marine stratus polluted by underlying ships and nearby uncontaminated stratus. Analyzed 925-hPa winds were used to predict the afternoon positions of ship tracks found in the morning imagery. Droplet effective radii, visible optical depths, and liquid water amounts were analyzed for morning and afternoon clouds that, based on the low-level winds, were taken to be the same clouds. As found in a previous study by Segrin et al., both morning and afternoon polluted clouds had smaller droplet radii, larger optical depths, and smaller liquid water amounts than the nearby unpolluted clouds. In contrast to the Segrin et al. study, however, the droplet effective radii decreased significantly from morning to afternoon in both the polluted and unpolluted clouds, with the rate of decrease being twice as large for the unpolluted clouds. The larger decrease in the unpolluted clouds is thought to be caused by drizzle, which is probably absent in the polluted clouds. The observations suggest that, with their slower rate of liquid loss, polluted clouds could have longer lifetimes than their unpolluted counterparts. Of interest is that clouds with similar droplet radii but smaller optical depths, and thus smaller droplet number concentrations and liquid water amounts, exhibited higher sensitivities to the effects of elevated particle concentrations and a greater likelihood of appearing in both the morning and afternoon satellite overpasses.
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  • Christensen, Matthew W., James A. Coakley, William R. Tahnk, 2009: Morning-to-Afternoon Evolution of Marine Stratus Polluted by Underlying Ships: Implications for the Relative Lifetimes of Polluted and Unpolluted Clouds. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 66(7), 2097–2106.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-07T17:52:02Z No. of bitstreams: 1 CoakleyJamesA.CEOAS.MorningToAfternoon.pdf: 1777154 bytes, checksum: 462f768b30a94b47216f4d8abecb49f2 (MD5)
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-12-29T17:19:56Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 CoakleyJamesA.CEOAS.MorningToAfternoon.pdf: 1777154 bytes, checksum: 462f768b30a94b47216f4d8abecb49f2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-12-29T17:19:56Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 CoakleyJamesA.CEOAS.MorningToAfternoon.pdf: 1777154 bytes, checksum: 462f768b30a94b47216f4d8abecb49f2 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2009-07
  • Vol. 66 no. 7

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