Echo strength and density structure of Hawaiian mesopelagic boundary community patches Public Deposited

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Copyright 2003 Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114 (4), 1888-1897, 2003, DOI: 10.1121/1.1612484, and may be found at  http://link.aip.org/link/?JAS/114/1888. Permalink at  http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.1612484.

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  • A broadband sonar system and digital camera with strobe lights were mounted on a vertically profiling frame with a depth sensor. The echo strengths and densities of animals within individual mesopelagic boundary community patches were investigated as a function of depth. Time and distance from shore were also investigated. Simultaneous surface echosounder surveys permitted comparison of density estimates from two techniques. Echo strength values suggest nearshore boundary community animals are primarily myctophid fishes, which was confirmed by preliminary photographic evidence. Echo strength varied significantly as a function of distance from the shoreline and time. These measures of echo strength are important for estimating density from a surface echosounder. Density estimates from these revised echo strengths compare well with those made with echo highlight counting, which is independent of echo strength. These density measures suggest that previous density estimates were too low but do not change the conclusions of these studies. Vertical microstructure in density was apparent but animal size and compositional structure was not evident within a patch. Patch edges were abrupt, with no differences in the density or echo strength from patch interiors. These edges were generally straight, with a sharp drop in density to the background density of zero. Estimates of animal size as a function of time provide information about the diel migration patterns of these mesopelagic animals.
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  • J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114 (4), 1888-1897 October 2003, DOI: 10.1121/1.1612484
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  • I. Introduction II. Methods a. Surveys b. Broadband sonar c. Camera d. Data analysis III. Results IV. Discussion V. Acknowledgements
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Linda Lamb (llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-24T17:18:22Z No. of bitstreams: 1 JAcoustSociety2003EchoStrength.pdf: 731136 bytes, checksum: ed71061ab4f105c7e0bf8d3e024ab2f2 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Kelly Benoit-Bird(kbenoit@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2009-09-24T17:23:39Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 JAcoustSociety2003EchoStrength.pdf: 731136 bytes, checksum: ed71061ab4f105c7e0bf8d3e024ab2f2 (MD5)
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  • 0001-4966

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