⁴⁰Ar-³⁹Ar chronology for the volcanic history of the Southeast Greenland rifted margin Public Deposited

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  • Results of ⁴⁰Ar–³⁹Ar Ar dating constrain the age of the submerged volcanic succession, part of the seaward-dip ping reflector sequence of the Southeast Greenland volcanic rifted margin, recovered during Leg 163. At the 3°Ne 6 drilling transect, the fully normally magnetized volcanic units at Holes 989B (Unit 1) and 990A (Units 1 and 2) are dated at 57.1 ± 1.3 Ma and 55.6 ± 0.6 Ma, respectively. This correlates with a common magnetochron, C25n. The underlying, reversely magnetized lavas at Hole 990A (Units 3–13) yield an average age of 55.8 ± 0.7 Ma and may correlate with C25r. The argon data, however, are also consistent with eruption of the lavas at Site 990 during the very earliest portion of C24. If so, the normally polarized unevittsohav be correlated to a cryptochron ( e.g., C24r -11 at ~55.57 Ma). The lavas at Holes 989B and 990A have typical oceanic compositions, implying that final plate separation between Greenland and northwest Europe took place at ~56 Ma. The age for Hole 989B lava is younger than expected from the seismic interpretations, posing questions about the structural evolution of the margin. An age of 49.6 ± 0.2 Ma for the basaltic lava at Site 9 88 (~6°N) points to the importance of postbreakup tholeiitic magmatism at the rifted margin. Together with results from Leg 152, a virtually complete time frame for ~12 m.y. of pre-, syn-, and postbreakup volcanism during rifted margin evolution in Southeast Greenland can now be assembled. This time frame includes continental type volcanism at ~6 1–60 Ma, synbreakup volcanism beginning at ~57 Ma, and postbreakup volcanism at ~49.6 Ma. These discrete time windows coincide with distinct periods of tholeiitic magmatism from the onshore East Greenland Tertiary Igneous Province and is consistent with discrete mantle-melting events triggered by plume arrival (~ 61–60 Ma) under central Greenland, continental breakup (~57–54 Ma), and passage of the plume axis beneath the East Greenland rifted margin after breakup (~50–49 Ma ), respectively.
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  • Tegner, C., & Duncan, R. (1999). ⁴⁰Ar-³⁹Ar chronology for the volcanic history of the Southeast Greenland rifted margin. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 163, 53-62.
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