Mesos components (CaCl2, MgSO4, KH2PO4) are critical for improving pear micropropagation Public Deposited

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  • Mesos components (CaCl[subscript 2], MgSO[subscript 4], KH[subscript 2]PO[subscript 4]) are critical for improving pear micropropagation
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  • Pear accessions and species show a broad response to tissue culture media due to the wide genetic diversity that exists in the available pear germplasm. An initial study of mineral nutrition using a systematic response surface approach with five Murashige and Skoog medium mineral stock solutions indicated that the mesos factor (CaCl₂, MgSO₄, and KH₂PO₄) affected most plant responses and genotypes, suggesting that additional studies were needed to further optimize these three mesos components for a wide range of genotypes. Short stature, leaf spots, edge necrosis, and red or yellow coloration were the main symptoms of poor nutrition in shoot cultures of 10 diverse pear genotypes from six species. A surface response experimental design was used to model the optimal factor and factor levels for responses that included overall quality, leaf character, shoot multiplication, and shoot height. The growth morphology, shoot length, and multiplication of these pear shoots could be manipulated by adjusting the mesos components. The highest quality for the majority of genotypes, including five P. communis cultivars, P. koehnei, P. dimorphophylla, and P. pyrifolia 'Sion Szu Mi', required higher concentrations (> 1.2x to 2.5x) of all the components than are present in Murashige and Skoog medium. 'Capital' (P. calleryana) required high CaCl₂ and MgSO₄ with low KH₂PO₄; for 'Hang Pa Li' (P. ussuriensis), low CaCl₂ and moderate to low MgSO₄ and KH₂PO₄ produced high-quality shoots. Suitable combinations of the meso nutrients produced both optimum shoot number and shoot length in addition to general good plant quality.
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  • Wada, S., Niedz, R. P., DeNoma, J., & Reed, B. M. (2013). Mesos components (CaCl 2 , MgSO 4 , KH 2 PO 4 ) are critical for improving pear micropropagation. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Plant, 49(3), 356-365. doi:10.1007/s11627-013-9508-x
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-26T17:07:43Z No. of bitstreams: 1 WadaSugaeHorticultureMesosComponentsCritical.pdf: 777646 bytes, checksum: a772ddbda43b08bb5057fdb6145e98b9 (MD5)
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