Effects of juvenile steelhead on juvenile chinook salmon behavior and physiology Public Deposited

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  • Experiments were designed to determine whether and how steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss affect chinook salmon O. tshawytscha when the two species are confined together. In a behavioral experiment, we observed groups of juvenile chinook salmon and steelhead together and groups of chinook salmon alone to determine whether the steelhead were aggressive and their presence changed the behavior of chinook salmon. We also performed two runs of a physiological experiment to determine whether the addition of steelhead to tanks containing chinook salmon would stress the chinook salmon, as determined by a change in their plasma cortisol levels. Behavioral changes were observed in the chinook salmon when they were held with steelhead; they reduced their movements, darted less, were attacked up to 16 times as often, and were found less frequently in the shade than chinook salmon held without steelhead. Steelhead were found to establish territories and defend them with chases, charges, and nips. In their attempts to establish and defend territories, the steelhead attacked the chinook salmon as often as they attacked other steelhead, but the chinook salmon showed little aggression toward the steelhead. Cortisol concentrations were significantly higher for chinook salmon in tanks receiving steelhead than in tanks receiving additional chinook salmon or no additional fish after 2 h (in one of the two experimental runs) and after 32 h (in both experimental runs; combined data). These results suggest that confining steelhead and chinook salmon together, such as in raceways and barges in the Columbia River system and in other situations, is stressful to the chinook salmon.
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  • Kelsey, D. A., Schreck, C. B., Congleton, J. L., & Davis, L. E. (2002). Effects of juvenile steelhead on juvenile chinook salmon behavior and physiology. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 131(4), 676-689.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-01-21T14:40:44Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 1548-8659%282002%29131%3C0676%3Aeojsoj%3E2%2E0%2Eco%3B2.pdf: 163257 bytes, checksum: 15f0a796aa6cd1fe97c7e1cdfcf559ee (MD5)
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