Benthic foraminifer stable isotope record from Site 849 (0 - 5 Ma) : local and global climate changes Public Deposited

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  • Benthic foraminifer and δ¹³C data from Site 849, on the west flank of the East Pacific Rise (0°11'N, 110°3l'W; 3851 m), give relatively continuous records of deep Pacific Ocean stable isotope variations between 0 and 5 Ma. The mean sample spacing is 4 k.y. Most analyses are from Cibicides wuellerstorfi> but isotopic offsets relative to Uvigerina peregrina appear roughly constant. Because of its location west of the East Pacific Rise, Site 849 yields a suitable record of mean Pacific Ocean δ¹³C, which approximates a global oceanic signal. The ~lOO-k.y.-period climate cycle, which is prevalent in δ¹⁸O does not dominate the long-term δ¹³C record. For δ¹³C, variations in the -400- and 41-k.y. periods are more important. Phase lags of δ¹³C relative to ice volume in the 41- and 23-k.y. bands are consistent with δ¹³C as a measure of organic biomass. A model-calculated exponential response time of 1-2 k.y. is appropriate for carbon stored in soils and shallow sediments responding to glacial-interglacial climate change. Oceanic δ¹³C leads ice volume slightly in the 100-k.y. band, and this suggests another process such as changes in continental weathering to modulate mean river δ¹³C at long periods. The δ¹³C record from Site 849 diverges from that of Site 677 in the Panama Basin mostly because of decay of ¹³C-depleted organic carbon in the relatively isolated Panama Basin. North Atlantic to Pacific δ¹³C differences calculated using published data from Sites 607 and 849 reveal variations in Pliocene deep water within the range of those of the late Quaternary. Maximum δ¹³C contrast between these sites, which presumably reflects maximum influx of high-δ¹³C northern source water into the deep North Atlantic Ocean, occurred between 1.3 and 2.1 Ma, well after the initiation of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Export of high-δ¹³C North Atlantic Deep Water from the Atlantic to the circumpolar Antarctic, as recorded by published δ'3C data from Subantarctic Site 704, appears unrelated to the North Atlantic-Pacific δ¹³C contrast. To account for this observation, we suggest that deep-water formation in the North Atlantic reflects northern source characteristics, whereas export of this water into the circumpolar Antarctic reflects Southern Hemisphere wind forcing. Neither process appears directly linked to ice-volume variations.
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  • Mix, A.C., N.G. Pisias, W. Rugh, J. Wilson, A. Morey and T. Hagelberg (1995). Benthic foraminiferal stable isotope record from Site 849, 0-5 Ma: Local and global climate changes. In: Pisias, N.G., L. Mayer, T. Janecek, A. Palmer-Julson, T.H. van Andel (eds.), Proc. ODP, /Scientific Results/ 138, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 371-412.
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  • Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Mary Phan (mpscanner@gmail.com) on 2009-12-15T20:21:08Z No. of bitstreams: 1 MixEtAl1995_Leg138_BenthicForamIsotopeRecord.pdf: 10609701 bytes, checksum: 4754d7fcc101faa233f009b7901d90a2 (MD5)
  • Vol. 138 (1995)
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2009-12-16T15:20:10Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MixEtAl1995_Leg138_BenthicForamIsotopeRecord.pdf: 10609701 bytes, checksum: 4754d7fcc101faa233f009b7901d90a2 (MD5)
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