Sex-determining chromosomes and sexual dimorphism: insights from genetic mapping of sex expression in a natural hybrid Fragaria ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia Public Deposited

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This is an author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Nature Publishing Group and can be found at:  http://www.nature.com/hdy/index.html.

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  • We studied the natural hybrid (Fragaria ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia) between two sexually dimorphic octoploid strawberry species (F. virginiana and F. chiloensis) to gain insight into the dynamics of sex chromosomes and the genesis of sexual dimorphism. Male sterility is dominant in both the parental species and thus will be inherited maternally, but the chromosome that houses the sex-determining region differs. Thus, we asked whether 1) the cytotypic composition of hybrid populations represents one or both maternal species, 2) the sex-determining chromosome of the hybrid reflects the location of male sterility within the maternal donor species, and 3) crosses from the hybrid species show less sexual dimorphism than the parental species. We found that F. ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia populations consisted of both parental cytotypes but one predominated within each population. Genetic linkage mapping of two crosses showed dominance of male sterility similar to the parental species, however, the map location of male sterility reflected the maternal donor in one cross, but not the other. Moreover, female function mapped to a single region in the first cross, but to two regions in the second cross. Aside from components of female function (fruit set and seed set), other traits that have been found to be significantly sexually dimorphic in the pure species were either not dimorphic or were dimorphic in the opposite direction to the parental species. These results suggest that hybrids experience some disruption of dimorphism in secondary sexual traits, as well as novel location and number of QTL affecting sex function.
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  • Govindarajulu, R., Liston, A., & Ashman, T. (2013, May). Sex-determining chromosomes and sexual dimorphism: insights from genetic mapping of sex expression in a natural hybrid Fragaria ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia. Heredity, 110(5), 430-438. doi:10.1038/hdy.2012.96
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-06-17T19:18:01Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ListonAaronBotanyPlantPathologySexDeterminingChromosomes.pdf: 288044 bytes, checksum: f63a438216276703fa2564540d1518cb (MD5)
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