- More than twenty million people in the United States are estimated to have substance use disorders, and it is expected that the number will increase in the future. Physicians, especially general practitioners, play important roles in the treatment of substance use and other addiction disorders because they focus on overall health and well-being and see patients for extended periods throughout the lifetime. Stigma surrounding addiction patients suggests that addiction may be inadequately treated by physicians. Therefore, it is essential for society’s health that addiction treatment is delivered effectively. The aim of this paper was to review the current literature to assess whether or not addiction is appropriately addressed by physicians, and if not, discuss the reasons behind why treatment may be lacking. This paper reviewed articles regarding physician education, physicians’ perspectives about the opioid epidemic, as well as patients’ perspectives about their experiences receiving treatment from physicians for addiction. Overall, this paper concluded that inadequate treatment for addiction by physicians may result from lack of priority surrounding the issue, improper education, and negative perceptions about addiction patients.