Depletion of Deoxyribonucleotide Pools is an Endogenous Source of DNA Damage in Cells Undergoing Oncogene-Induced Senescence Public Deposited

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This is the author's peer-reviewed final manuscript, as accepted by the publisher. The published article is copyrighted by Elsevier and can be found at:  http://www.journals.elsevier.com/the-american-journal-of-pathology/.

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  • In normal human cells, oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) depends on induction of DNA damage response (DDR). Oxidative stress and hyper-replication of genomic DNA have been proposed as major causes of DNA damage in OIS cells. Here we report that down-regulation of deoxyribonucleoside pools is another endogenous source of DNA damage in normal human fibroblasts (NHF) undergoing HRAS[superscript G12V]-induced senescence. NHF-HRAS[superscript G12V] cells under-expressed thymidylate synthase (TS) and ribonucleotide reductase (RR), two enzymes required for the entire de novo deoxyribonucleotide biosynthesis, and possessed low dNTP levels. Chromatin at the promoters of the genes encoding TS and RR was enriched with RB tumor suppressor protein and histone H3 tri-methylated at lysine 9. Importantly, ectopic co-expression of TS and RR or addition of deoxyribonucleosides substantially suppressed DNA damage, senescence-associated phenotypes and proliferation arrest in two types of NHF expressing HRAS[superscript G12V]. Reciprocally, shRNA-mediated suppression of TS and RR caused DNA damage and senescence in NHF although less efficiently than HRAS[superscript G12V]. However, overexpression of TS and RR in quiescent NHF did not overcome proliferation arrest, suggesting that unlike quiescence, OIS requires depletion of dNTP pools and activated DNA replication. Our data identify a previously unknown role of deoxyribonucleotides in regulation of oncogene-induced senescence.
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  • Mannava, S., Moparthy, K. C., Wheeler, L. J., Natarajan, V., Zucker, S. N., Fink, E. E., ... Nikiforov, M. A. (2012). Depletion of Deoxyribonucleotide Pools Is an Endogenous Source of DNA Damage in Cells Undergoing Oncogene-Induced Senescence. American. Journal of Pathology. 182 (1): 142-151.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deanne Bruner(deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-03-02T00:14:06Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 MathewsChristopherBiochemistryBiophysicsDepletionDeoxyribonucleotidePools.pdf: 204066 bytes, checksum: 332db4fc4554c4c8f4be44a2e5a68e1e (MD5)
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