Sr-Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry of leg 144 West Pacific guyouts: Implications for the geochemical evolution of the "SOPITA" mantle anomaly Public Deposited

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Article appears in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results.

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  • The Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic compositions of five Cretaceous guyots (Limalok, Lo-En, Wodejebato, MIT, and Takuyo-Daisan) within the West Pacific Seamount Province (WPSP) indicate that they originated from geochemically enriched mantle sources. They are characterized by large isotopic variations in Pb (²⁰⁶Pb/²⁰⁴Pb = 18.58-19.80, ²⁰⁷Pb/²⁰⁴Pb = 15.55-15.68, and ²⁰⁸Pb/²⁰⁴Pb = 38.68-39.54) and by moderate variations in Sr (⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr = 0.70308-0.70486) and Nd (¹⁴³Nd/¹⁴⁴Nd = 0.51267-0.51307). Data from the Cretaceous guyots studied are within the overall isotopic ranges of the WPSP and are similar to those of oceanic basalts produced by currently active hotspots of the South Pacific isotopic and thermal anomaly (SOPITA). The WPSP basalts show a large isotopic variance, and they include samples with isotopic signitures of either enriched mantle sources (EMI and EMII), or mantle sources high in ²⁰⁶Pb/²⁰⁴Pb and low in ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr (HIMU). These observations suggest that the WPSP and SOPITA basaltic rocks may have been produced from the same heterogeneous mantle source: either one that is isotopically distinct and more diverse from other oceanic and continental volcanic regions, or one that is produced by mixing the different mantle components inferred for these other regions. We strengthen previous arguments for the longevity of the isotopically unusual character of the SOPITA hotspots, in particular, for the Rurutu-Ratak-Marcus-Wake Seamount Chain (RRMW). Our data from the WPSP doubles the existing database and allows us to examine the temporal isotopic evolution of the RRMW Chain over a total time span of 110 m.y., excluding the time period between 25 and 50 Ma that has not been sampled yet. The RRMW isotopic data suggest that (1) the overall isotopic variance is constant over time; (2) the Sr and Nd variances are smaller than the total variance for the SOPITA and WPSP, whereas the Pb compositions show similar, large variances; and (3) the isotopic composition of the SOPITA, and specifically the Rurutu volcanic, gradually changed within the last 25 m.y. from a mantle source dominated by the HIMU mantle component to an EM-type mantle source. The latter is indicated by a decrease in ²⁰⁶Pb/²⁰⁴Pb, Δ7/4, and Δ8/4Pb paralleled by an increase in ⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr. A similar evolution in isotopic composition may also be revealed from the Ratak-Marcus-Wake Chain over the period from 90 through 70 Ma, although this latter trend is obscured by a less dense sampling in the WPSP area.
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  • Koppers, A. A. P., Staudigel, H., Christie, D. M., Dieu, J. J., & Pringle, M. S. (1995). Sr-Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry of leg 144 West Pacific guyouts: Implications for the geochemical evolution of the "SOPITA" mantle anomaly [Electronic version]. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 144, 535-545.
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Sue Kunda(sue.kunda@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-07-28T23:54:27Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Koppers et al IODP 1995.pdf: 3539465 bytes, checksum: 555d872d245e61b77abc54bcc4f0d61a (MD5)
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