Historical Sources of Science-as-Social-Practice: Michael Polanyi's Berlin Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/6w924c137

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Historians and sociologists of science often identify the efflorescence of social stud ies of science with the work of postwar American intellectuals such as Robert K. Merton and Thomas S. Kuhn. They often also refer to the views of Michael Polanyi (1891-1976) on the roles of tacit knowledge, apprenticeship, social tradition, and intellectual dogmas (or what Kuhn popularized as "paradigms") in the construction of scientific knowledge. The roots of Polanyi's views on the social nature of sci ence and his insistence on the need for scientists' autonomy in managing their own affairs lie specifically in his career experiences as a physical chemist from 1920 to 1933 in the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft Institutes in Berlin-Dahlem. Polanyi worked in an institution in which scientific research was supported by an array of state, industrial, and philanthropic funds, but in which he and his colleagues enjoyed substantial autonomy in their everyday research. His own successes and failures in the fields of physical chemistry, x-ray crystallography, and solid-state chemistry led him to reflect upon the everyday practices of normal science and to stress the role of the ordinary rather than the revolutionary scientist in the production of scientific knowledge. Polanyi's views lend insight into the character of German science and the research institutes in Berlin-Dahlem in the late 19th and early 20th century.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Nye, Mary J. (2007). "Historical sources of science-as-social-practice: Michael Polanyi's Berlin. Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 37(2), 409-434. DOI: 10.1525/hsps.2007.37.2.409
Academic Affiliation
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Eric Vanderwall (ewscanner@gmail.com) on 2011-07-15T19:41:44Z No. of bitstreams: 1 NyeMaryJo.History.HistoricalSourcesScience.pdf: 2847079 bytes, checksum: 87e3409ac5be6482a3c6513c6889693f (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2011-07-27T22:51:09Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 NyeMaryJo.History.HistoricalSourcesScience.pdf: 2847079 bytes, checksum: 87e3409ac5be6482a3c6513c6889693f (MD5) Previous issue date: 2007
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2011-07-27T22:51:08Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 NyeMaryJo.History.HistoricalSourcesScience.pdf: 2847079 bytes, checksum: 87e3409ac5be6482a3c6513c6889693f (MD5)

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/06/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items