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Hyperspectral temperature and salt dependencies of absorption by water and heavy water in the 400-750 nm spectral range Public Deposited

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  • The temperature and salt dependencies of absorption by liquid water (H₂O) and heavy water (D₂O) were determined using a hyperspectral absorption and attenuation meter (WET Labs, AC-S). Sodium chloride (NaCl) was used as a proxy for seawater salts. There was no significant temperature (ψₜ) or salt (ψₛ) dependency of absorption at wavelengths <550 nm. At wavelengths >550 nm, ψₜ exhibited peaks at ~604, 662, and 740 nm. A small negative trough in ψₛ occurred at ~590 nm, followed by a small positive peak ~620 nm, a larger negative trough at ~720 nm, and a strong positive peak at ~755 nm. The salt dependency of absorption by heavy water, ψₛᴴ, exhibited a negative power-law shape with very low ψₛᴴ, at wavelengths >550 nm. Our experiments with NaCl, clean open ocean seawater, and artificial seawater support the hypothesis that salts modify the absorption spectra of seawater by modifying the molecular matrix and vibrations of pure water.
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  • James M. Sullivan, Michael S. Twardowski, J. Ronald V. Zaneveld, Casey M. Moore, Andrew H. Barnard, Percy L. Donaghay, and Bruce Rhoades, "Hyperspectral temperature and salt dependencies of absorption by water and heavy water in the 400-750 nm spectral range," Applied Optics, 45, 5294-5309 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-45-21-5294
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  • The primary efforts for this project were carried outunder the auspices of NASA SBIR contract NAS13-02055 through the Stennis Space Center. The NationalOceanographic Partnership Program (NOPP)helped support the conceptual groundwork, testing,and validation of the AC-S, and partial support wasalso provided by the Office of Naval Research throughONR award N000140410276 to P. Donaghay and J.Sullivan.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-02-20T22:07:39ZNo. of bitstreams: 1ZaneveldRonaldCEOASHyperspectralTemperatureSalt.pdf: 870939 bytes, checksum: c4169c4bbb5dcedc88be298536146cd6 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-02-20T22:07:39Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1ZaneveldRonaldCEOASHyperspectralTemperatureSalt.pdf: 870939 bytes, checksum: c4169c4bbb5dcedc88be298536146cd6 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2006-07-20
  • This paper was published in Applied Optics and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.

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