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Observations of non-dimensional wind shear in the coastal zone Public Deposited

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  • Vertical profiles of the time-averaged wind stress, wind speed and buoyancy flux from the off-shore tower site in the Risø Air Sea Experiment are used to evaluate similarity theory in the coastal zone. The observed dependence of the non-dimensional wind shear on stability is compared to the traditional parametrization. Relationships between the non-dimensional shear, development of internal boundary layers and wave state are explored. We find that the largest-scale turbulent eddies are suppressed in shallow convective internal boundary layers, leading to larger non-dimensional shear than that of the traditional prediction based only on stability. In shallow stable boundary layers, elevated generation of turbulence leads to smaller non-dimensional shear compared to the traditional prediction. Over young growing waves in stable stratification, the observed non-dimensional shear is less than that over older more mature waves in otherwise similar conditions. The non-dimensional shear is a function of wave state for stable conditions even though the observations are well above the wave boundary layer. We conclude that development of shallow internal boundary layers and young growing-wave fields, both of which are common in the coastal zone, can lead to substantial departures of the non-dimensional shear from the prediction based only on stability.
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  • Vickers, D., & Mahrt, L. (1999). Observations of non-dimensional wind shear in the coastal zone. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 125, 2685-2702.
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  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-10-06T17:20:35Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Vickers_and_Mahrt_Q_J_R_Meteorol_Soc_1999.pdf: 1217850 bytes, checksum: 28e2122f8437f5a7094f666500574d18 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1999

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