Robust underwater visibility parameter Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/8k71nj59k

This paper was published in Optics Express and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website:  http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/home.cfm. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • We review theoretical models to show that contrast reduction at a specific wavelength in the horizontal direction depends directly on the beam attenuation coefficient at that wavelength. If a black target is used, the inherent contrast is always negative unity, so that the visibility of a black target in the horizontal direction depends on a single parameter only. That is not the case for any other target or viewing arrangement. We thus propose the horizontal visibility of a black target to be the standard for underwater visibility. We show that the appropriate attenuation coefficient can readily be measured with existing simple instrumentation. Diver visibility depends on the photopic beam attenuation coefficient, which is the attenuation of the natural light spectrum convolved with the spectral responsivity of the human eye (photopic response function). In practice, it is more common to measure the beam attenuation coefficient at one or more wavelength bands. We show that the relationship: visibility is equal to 4.8 divided by the photopic beam attenuation coefficient; originally derived by Davies-Colley [1], is accurate with an average error of less than 10% in a wide variety of coastal and inland waters and for a wide variety of viewing conditions. We also show that the beam attenuation coefficient measured at 532 nm, or attenuation measured by a WET Labs commercial 20 nm FWHM transmissometer with a peak at 528nm are adequate substitutes for the photopic beam attenuation coefficient, with minor adjustments.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Funding Statement (additional comments about funding)
Publisher
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deanne Bruner (deanne.bruner@oregonstate.edu) on 2012-02-21T21:23:54Z No. of bitstreams: 1 ZaneveldRonaldCEOASRobustUnderwaterVisibility.pdf: 224434 bytes, checksum: 6ec74f89e8f0234fb70d8b3094f9829d (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2012-02-21T21:23:54Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 ZaneveldRonaldCEOASRobustUnderwaterVisibility.pdf: 224434 bytes, checksum: 6ec74f89e8f0234fb70d8b3094f9829d (MD5) Previous issue date: 2003-11-17

Relationships

In Administrative Set:
Last modified: 07/25/2017

Downloadable Content

Download PDF
Citations:

EndNote | Zotero | Mendeley

Items