Surface distribution of brachyuran megalopae and ichthyoplankton in the Columbia River plume during transition from downwelling to upwelling conditions Public Deposited

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  • In the California Current coastal boundary zone, the spring transition between downwelling and upwelling conditions, along with the fluctuating structure of the Columbia River plume, creates highly dynamic interactions. In this study, we investigated whether the surface distribution of brachyuran larvae and ichthyoplankton would track the dynamics of the Columbia River plume. By happenstance, the cruise period coincided with the spring transition from downwelling to sustained upwelling conditions in 2010, a year when the transition was delayed and Columbia River flow was substantially higher than average. We used time series of wind and freshwater input to evaluate the influence of physical forcing on oceanographic patterns, and sampled hydrography and surface plankton concentrations within a 182 km(2) grid off Willapa Bay, WA. Additionally, two longer transects, one cross-shelf and the other along-shore, were made to discern the extent of plume influence on larval crab and fish abundance. We found that plume waters that were trapped in a northward-flowing coastal-boundary current during downwelling conditions were advected offshore after several days of upwelling-favorable winds. Neustonic collections of brachyuran larvae and ichthyoplankton varied in response to this large seaward advective event. Megalopae of cancrid crabs exhibited patterns of both offshore transport (Cancer oregonensis/productus) and nearshore retention (C. magister). Additionally, abundant numbers of large juvenile widow (Sebastes entomelas) and yellowtail (S. flavidus) rockfish of a size appropriate for settlement were sampled during a period when ocean conditions favored high recruitment success. These results demonstrated that the response of planktonic crab larvae and ichthyoplankton to large-scale advection varied by species, with larger and more vagile fish exhibiting less evidence of passive transport than smaller crab larvae. Importantly, portions of the planktonic fish and crab community were able to maintain nearshore distributions in favorable settlement habitat, despite physical advection offshore. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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  • Roegner, G. C., Daly, E. A., & Brodeur, R. D. (2013, June 1). Surface distribution of brachyuran megalopae and ichthyoplankton in the Columbia River plume during transition from downwelling to upwelling conditions. Continental Shelf Research, 60, 70-86. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.04.007
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  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Deborah Campbell(deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-08-05T17:55:55Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 DalyElizabethAHMSCSurfaceDistributionBrachyuran.pdf: 3669940 bytes, checksum: 9839ba65096004aaad8a2a73b18e4bf9 (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-08-05T17:55:55Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 DalyElizabethAHMSCSurfaceDistributionBrachyuran.pdf: 3669940 bytes, checksum: 9839ba65096004aaad8a2a73b18e4bf9 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-04-19
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-08-05T17:54:35Z No. of bitstreams: 1 DalyElizabethAHMSCSurfaceDistributionBrachyuran.pdf: 3669940 bytes, checksum: 9839ba65096004aaad8a2a73b18e4bf9 (MD5)

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