Integrating satellite observations and modern climate measurements with the recent sedimentary record: An example from Southeast Alaska Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/9k41zg25m

To the best of our knowledge, one or more authors of this paper were federal employees when contributing to this work. This is the publisher’s final pdf. The published article is copyrighted by the American Geophysical Union and can be found at:  http://www.agu.org/journals/jgr/.

Descriptions

Attribute NameValues
Creator
Abstract or Summary
  • Assessments of climate change over time scales that exceed the last 100 years require robust integration of high-quality instrument records with high-resolution paleoclimate proxy data. In this study, we show that the recent biogenic sediments accumulating in two temperate ice-free fjords in Southeast Alaska preserve evidence of North Pacific Ocean climate variability as recorded by both instrument networks and satellite observations. Multicore samples EW0408-32MC and EW0408-43MC were investigated with ¹³⁷Cs and excess ²¹⁰Pb geochronometry, three-dimensional computed tomography, high-resolution scanning XRF geochemistry, and organic stable isotope analyses. EW0408-32MC (57.162 degrees N, 135.357 degrees W, 146 m depth) is a moderately bioturbated continuous record that spans AD ~ 1930-2004. EW0408-43MC (56.965 degrees N, 135.268 degrees W, 91 m depth) is composed of laminated diatom oozes, a turbidite, and a hypopycnal plume (river flood) deposit. A discontinuous event-based varve chronology indicates 43MC spans AD ~ 1940-1981. Decadal-scale fluctuations in sedimentary Br/Cl ratios accurately reflect changes in marine organic matter accumulation that display the same temporal pattern as that of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. An estimated Sitka summer productivity parameter calibrated using SeaWiFS satellite observations support these relationships. The correlation of North Pacific climate regime states, primary productivity, and sediment geochemistry indicate the accumulation of biogenic sediment in Southeast Alaska temperate fjords can be used as a sensitive recorder of past productivity variability, and by inference, past climate conditions in the high-latitude Gulf of Alaska.
Resource Type
DOI
Date Available
Date Issued
Citation
  • Addison, J. A., Finney, B. P., Jaeger, J. M., Stoner, J. S., Norris, R. D., & Hangsterfer, A. (2013). Integrating satellite observations and modern climate measurements with the recent sedimentary record: An example from southeast alaska. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 118(7), 3444-3461. doi:10.1002/jgrc.20243
Series
Keyword
Rights Statement
Publisher
Peer Reviewed
Language
Replaces
Additional Information
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-11-13T21:44:17Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 StonerJosephSCEOASIntegratingSatelliteObservations.pdf: 1856797 bytes, checksum: e187509d5afb9c1ad9071c50a82aa004 (MD5) Previous issue date: 2013-07-17
  • description.provenance : Submitted by Deborah Campbell (deborah.campbell@oregonstate.edu) on 2013-11-13T21:44:17Z No. of bitstreams: 1 StonerJosephSCEOASIntegratingSatelliteObservations.pdf: 1856797 bytes, checksum: e187509d5afb9c1ad9071c50a82aa004 (MD5)

Relationships

Parents:

This work has no parents.

Last modified

Downloadable Content

Download PDF

Items