Simulated 21st century’s increase in oceanic suboxia by CO2-enhanced biotic carbon export Public Deposited

http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/concern/defaults/bg257g433

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  • The primary impacts of anthropogenic CO2 emissions on marine biogeochemical cycles predicted so far include ocean acidification, global warming induced shifts in biogeographical provinces, and a possible negative feedback on atmospheric CO2 levels by CO2-fertilized biological production. Here we report a new potentially significant impact on the oxygen-minimum zones of the tropical oceans. Using a model of global climate, ocean circulation, and biogeochemical cycling, we extrapolate mesocosm-derived experimental findings of a pCO2-sensitive increase in biotic carbon-to-nitrogen drawdown to the global ocean. For a simulation run from the onset of the industrial revolution until A.D. 2100 under a ‘‘business-as-usual’’ scenario for anthropogenic CO2 emissions, our model predicts a negative feedback on atmospheric CO2 levels, which amounts to 34 Gt C by the end of this century. While this represents a small alteration of the anthropogenic perturbation of the carbon cycle, the model results reveal a dramatic 50% increase in the suboxic water volume by the end of this century in response to the respiration of excess organic carbon formed at higher CO2 levels. This is a significant expansion of the marine ‘‘dead zones’’ with severe implications not only for all higher life forms but also for oxygen-sensitive nutrient recycling and, hence, for oceanic nutrient inventories.
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  • Oschlies, A., K. G. Shulz, U. Riebesell, and A. Schmittner (2008), Simulated 21st century’s increase in oceanic suboxia by CO2-enhanced biotic carbon export, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB4008, doi:10.1029/2007GB003147.
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  • description.provenance : Submitted by Linda Lamb (llamb@coas.oregonstate.edu) on 2010-03-29T23:32:24Z No. of bitstreams: 1 Oschlies et al Global Biogeochem 2008.pdf: 1354332 bytes, checksum: 56ada0735cadd409756e1a65bb05477b (MD5)
  • description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2010-03-30T17:32:52Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Oschlies et al Global Biogeochem 2008.pdf: 1354332 bytes, checksum: 56ada0735cadd409756e1a65bb05477b (MD5) Previous issue date: 2008
  • description.provenance : Approved for entry into archive by Linda Kathman(linda.kathman@oregonstate.edu) on 2010-03-30T17:32:52Z (GMT) No. of bitstreams: 1 Oschlies et al Global Biogeochem 2008.pdf: 1354332 bytes, checksum: 56ada0735cadd409756e1a65bb05477b (MD5)
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  • 0886-6236

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